A Guide to Growing African Violet Indoors

African Violets, also known as Saintpaulia Ionantha, are a type of flowering plant that is native to Eastern Africa. These vibrant plants can bring a touch of vibrancy to any room or living space with their beautiful purple and pink flowers.

Growing African Violets is easy for beginners and experienced gardeners alike. With just a few simple tips, you can create an indoor oasis full of these beautiful blooms! African Violets are small plants that typically grow between 20-30 cm tall and wide.

They prefer moderate light and consistently moist soil, making them well suited for indoor growing conditions. To get your African Violet flourishing in no time, be sure to fertilise it regularly with an African Violet fertiliser or balanced liquid fertiliser like 10-10-10.

African Violet at a glance

Common Name African Violet
Scientific Name Saintpaulia Ionantha
Growth Rate Slow
Full maturity 2-3 years
Height (max) 15–20 cm
Width (max) 15–20 cm
Pet safe? Maybe
Sunlight Bright, indirect
Soil Ph 6.0–6.5 (slightly acidic)
Native to Tanzania


How to grow African Violet

Growing African Violet indoors in Australia

Growing indoors in Australia can be a great way to bring the outdoors inside and enjoy fresh blooms, all year long. African Violets (Saintpaulia Ionantha) are one of the most popular plants for indoor cultivation in Australia.

In this article you’ll learn everything you need to know about growing these delicate flowers indoors. From how to choose the right variety of African Violet, to proper watering techniques and even how they can help improve air quality, this article will provide all the information needed to successfully cultivate African Violets inside your own home environment.

With their unique colouration and range of sizes, African Violets make an excellent addition to any home or workspace, adding life and beauty wherever they’re planted.

^ Back to Top

Plant care

Quick care tips

African violets (Saintpaulia Ionantha) are a popular houseplant due to their delicate flowers and low-maintenance care. Though some may think African violets require complex maintenance, caring for them is easy with a few simple steps.

The following quick care tips will help ensure your African violet stays healthy and blooming. Keep your African violet in a location with bright, indirect sunlight for best results.

As long as it’s not too close to the window where direct sunlight can burn the leaves, you’ll get beautiful blooms year round. Water regularly but let the soil dry between waterings; over-watering can be deadly to an African violet! Make sure you use soft water or rainwater since hard tap water can cause brown spots on the leaves of your plant.

African Violet (Saintpaulia Ionantha) African Violet (Saintpaulia Ionantha) (Source)

Caring for your African Violet

Plant care is essential to keeping your flowers blooming and looking their best. African violets (Saintpaulia ionantha) are a beautiful choice for those who want to add some colour and life to their home or office.

These low-maintenance plants require minimal effort with proper care and will reward you in return with lovely purple, pink, and white blooms. Understanding the needs of your African violet is key to its success as a houseplant.

African violets need bright, indirect light for most of the day but not direct sunlight. This can be provided by an east or west window, or it can be supplemented with artificial lighting such as fluorescent tubes placed close to the plant but not touching it. They also benefit from high humidity levels so it is important to mist them regularly if you live in an area that has low humidity levels.

^ Back to Top

Australian indoor plants guide


Light is an essential part of successful African Violet cultivation. The delicate purple and pink blooms of the Saintpaulia Ionantha, commonly known as African Violets, are a popular choice among houseplant enthusiasts.

Providing these plants with the proper lighting conditions is paramount for optimal growth and flowering. The best lighting environment for African Violets is bright, indirect light such as that provided by north-facing windows or artificial lights specifically designed for indoor plants.

Ideally, your violets should receive 10 to 12 hours of light per day in order to stay healthy and bloom frequently. An east-facing window may also work but be sure to adjust the position of the plant occasionally so it doesn’t become lopsided or overgrown due to too much direct sunlight on one side.

^ Back to Top

Watering your African Violet


Water is an essential component for the growth of all living things, including African violets (Saintpaulia ionantha). This particular flowering plant is native to the tropical regions of Tanzania and Kenya.

It is a popular houseplant due to its ability to thrive indoors with minimal maintenance. Proper watering techniques can help ensure optimal health and blooming of these beautiful flowers.

ALSO SEE:  A Guide to Growing Mother-in-Law’s Tongue Indoors

The frequency at which African violets should be watered will vary depending on their environment and soil conditions. Watering should occur when the surface of the soil appears dry, but it’s important not to over-water as this can lead to root rot or other diseases. When watering, use room temperature water that has been allowed to stand for 24 hours before use; this will help reduce chlorine content which could be harmful to the delicate roots of your plants.

^ Back to Top

Fertiliser for African Violet


Fertiliser plays an important role in the successful cultivation of African violet (Saintpaulia Ionantha). This beautiful flowering plant is a popular houseplant for many gardeners and is relatively easy to grow when given the right conditions.

In order to ensure that your African violets thrive and bloom, it’s important to provide them with a fertiliser that has been specially formulated for use with this type of plant. When fertilising your African violets, use a balanced liquid fertiliser such as 10-10-10 at half strength every two weeks during their growing season.

Be sure not to over-fertilise as this can damage the delicate root system of the African violet and cause leaf burn.

^ Back to Top

African Violet Light


Temperature is an essential factor when it comes to growing African Violets (Saintpaulia ionantha). This delicate flowering plant requires a very specific temperature range in order to thrive and produce its beautiful purple blooms.

In general, the ideal temperature for an African Violet should be between 18-22 degrees Celsius during the day, with temperatures dropping no lower than 13-15 degrees Celsius at night. If the temperature falls outside this range, the growth of the plant will be stunted and flower production will be minimized.

African Violets are most comfortable in warm environments and do not respond well to cold draughts or frosty weather. Consequently, they should be grown indoors away from any open windows that could let in cold air or direct sunlight which can cause scorching of their fragile leaves.

^ Back to Top

Garden boot


Humidity is an important factor to consider when growing African Violets (Saintpaulia Ionantha). These popular houseplants thrive in humid environments and require high levels of relative humidity.

The ideal range for African Violets is between 40-60% RH, though some varieties may do better at higher levels. To maintain optimal humidity, keep the plants away from other sources that can cause dry air, like central heating or air conditioning.

Additionally, use a pebble tray or misting system to create more moisture in the air around the plant. Lastly, grouping plants together also helps raise ambient humidity levels and ensures that your African Violet gets enough water vapor. With a few simple steps, you can ensure your African Violet stays healthy and vibrant for many years to come!.

Learn more about how humidity can affect indoor plants.

^ Back to Top



Flowering is the most exciting part of growing African Violet (Saintpaulia ionantha). These perennials, native to Tanzania and Kenya, produce stunning flowers in a variety of colours.

For blooms that last up to three months, there are some simple steps to ensure success when it comes to flowering an African violet plant. One important step is finding the right container for your plant.

Because they’re small plants with shallow roots, African violets require containers with drainage holes at the bottom and a minimum depth of five centimetres. The soil should also be loose enough for adequate drainage and include perlite or vermiculite for aeration. Making sure you have appropriate water and fertiliser will also help keep your African violets healthy as they grow and flower.

^ Back to Top

Pests and Saintpaulia Ionantha


Pests are one of the most common problems faced by gardeners. When it comes to growing African Violets (Saintpaulia Ionantha), this is especially accurate.

Common pests like aphids and mealybugs can easily infest an African Violet and cause serious damage. To keep your plants healthy, it’s important to be vigilant for signs of pest activity such as distorted or yellowing leaves or an unexplained decrease in blooms.

Early detection and intervention will help you keep your African Violets looking their best and prevent any irreversible damage from occurring. Fortunately, there are a few simple steps you can take to reduce the likelihood of your plants becoming infested with pests. These include providing consistent watering schedules, keeping the foliage dry during watering, and regularly checking for signs of pest activity on both new and existing growth.

Find out more about common indoor plant pests in Australia.

^ Back to Top



Diseases can be a major issue when it comes to growing African Violets (Saintpaulia Ionantha). This type of houseplant is sensitive and, if not properly taken care of, can become infected with various types of fungi and bacteria.

ALSO SEE:  A Guide to Growing Pinstripe Plant Indoors

Diseases such as Botrytis cinerea, Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina and Fusarium spp.

are all known to cause problems in African Violet plants. In order to prevent these diseases from occurring, it’s important that the right environmental conditions are met for the plant. The main thing to keep an eye on is humidity levels since too much or too little moisture in the air can lead to disease development. Proper fertilisation is also important since overfertilising can create an environment where disease-causing organisms thrive.


^ Back to Top



Soil is an essential component for any successful garden, including African Violets (Saintpaulia Ionantha). It provides nutrients and oxygen to the plant’s roots, and helps retain water so it can reach its roots.

African Violets require a soil that has both good drainage and moisture retention capabilities. A combination of peat moss, vermiculite, and coarse sand will provide just the right environment for these beautiful plants to thrive.

Make sure you also include a slow-release fertiliser or composted manure to help keep your violets nourished throughout the growing season. With some basic knowledge on how to properly prepare your soil, you’ll be well on your way to having a lush garden full of thriving African Violets!.

Learn how to lower your soil PH.

^ Back to Top

Pot Size

Pot size

Growing African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha) is a popular hobby among many people. The key to a successful African violet experience is selecting the right pot size.

Choosing an appropriately sized pot is important for several reasons, including ensuring proper drainage and providing adequate room for root growth. When first planting your African violets, it’s best to select a pot that’s just slightly larger than the plant root ball.

This will give it enough room to comfortably fit into the new container without being too cramped or having too much extra space. Generally speaking, pots should be 5-8 cm wider than the root ball and no deeper than twice its depth. Having said this, some varieties may require larger pots depending on their specific growth habits and needs.


^ Back to Top

Pruning the Cast Iron Plant

Pruning your African Violet

Pruning African violets can be a challenging task for many gardeners, but it’s an essential part of growing and maintaining healthy plants. Pruning practices should be tailored to the individual needs of each plant, but there are some general tips that will help make pruning easier.

African violets are prone to becoming overgrown, so regular pruning is necessary to keep them looking their best. Prune your African Violets when they start to get too large or have more leaves than usual.

In order to promote new growth and bushiness, pinch off any dead or dying leaves near the base of the plant. Additionally, you can remove spent flowers and stems in order to encourage new blooms in their place. When pruning, use sharp scissors or garden shears and make sure all cuts are clean and precise so as not to damage delicate foliage.


^ Back to Top


Propagating your African Violet

Propagation is an essential part of growing African Violets (Saintpaulia Ionantha). With the right care and technique, African Violets can be propagated in a variety of ways.

Propagation allows for multiple plants to be grown from one source and is an important way to maintain the health of your violets. Propagating from leaf cuttings is one common method used for African Violets.

Start by trimming off healthy leaves with a sharp pair of scissors or knife and allow them to callous overnight before planting them in soil that is moist but not wet. Place your cutting in indirect sunlight so it will not dry out quickly and water as needed until signs of new growth appear. New plants should begin sprouting within 3-4 weeks.


^ Back to Top

Garden fence

Is African Violet poisonous?

The African violet, or Saintpaulia ionantha, is one of the most popular flowering house plants due to its beautiful blooms and easy care needs. While it is not poisonous to humans, there are a few things you should be aware of when growing this plant.

First, all parts of the African violet contain saponins which can be an irritant for cats and dogs if ingested. Additionally, some people may experience skin irritation from contact with the plant’s leaves or sap.

As such precautions should be taken when handling the plant or placing it in areas where small children or animals may contact it.

^ Back to Top


Featured Image: Source

Leave a comment