A Guide to Growing Bird’s Nest Fern Indoors

The Bird’s Nest Fern (Asplenium Nidus) is a unique, exotic houseplant that can be grown in most homes. It has an unusual shape and distinctive foliage which makes it one of the most popular plants to adorn any home or office.

Native to tropical regions in Asia and Australia, the Bird’s Nest Fern is also known as the Phoenix Tail Fern due to its fan-like fronds which resemble a bird’s nest. This type of fern is easily recognizable by its beautiful lacy foliage and undulating leaves.

Its bright green colour adds vibrancy to any space while its thick waxy leaves are water resistant allowing it to thrive even in humid conditions. With proper care, the plant will look lush and vibrant all year round, making it an excellent choice for novice gardeners who want a low maintenance houseplant.

Bird’s Nest Fern at a glance

Common Name Bird’s Nest Fern
Scientific Name Asplenium Nidus
Growth Rate Average
Full maturity 2-3 years
Height (max) 30–60 cm
Width (max) 30–60 cm
Pet safe? Yes
Sunlight Bright, indirect
Soil Ph 4.5–6.0 (moderately acidic)
Native to Worldwide, but


How to grow Bird's Nest Fern

Growing Bird’s Nest Fern indoors in Australia

Growing plants indoors in Australia can be a great way to bring some greenery into your home. Bird’s Nest Ferns, or Asplenium Nidus, are one of the most popular varieties for indoor cultivation.

Native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, this type of fern is well suited for growing in Australian conditions. With a few simple tips and tricks, you can create an ideal environment for your Bird’s Nest Ferns to thrive indoors all year round.

Bird’s Nest Ferns require bright but indirect light and moist soil at all times. They thrive in temperatures between 18-24 degrees Celsius. Make sure to keep the humidity high by misting regularly or placing near a humidifier or tray filled with stones and water.

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Plant care

Quick care tips

The bird’s nest fern is a beautiful houseplant, perfect for any home. With its bright green fronds and unique shape, it can be a stunning addition to any room.

However, for the bird’s nest fern to thrive in your home you must provide the proper care and environment. Here are some quick tips on how to properly care for your bird’s nest fern: Lighting is very important when caring for the bird’s nest fern.

This plant prefers bright indirect sunlight, so be sure to place it near an east or west facing window that gets plenty of diffused light during the day. Additionally, avoid placing your plant anywhere that gets too much direct sun as this will burn its leaves.

Bird's Nest Fern (Asplenium Nidus) Bird’s Nest Fern (Asplenium Nidus) (Source)

Caring for your Bird’s Nest Fern

The Bird’s Nest Fern, or Asplenium Nidus, is an eye-catching houseplant native to tropical climates. With its bright green fronds that curl upward in the centre of the plant, it is a must-have for any home or office looking to add some greenery.

This unique fern requires special care, but with a few simple steps you can ensure your Bird’s Nest Fern will flourish and be a beautiful addition to your environment. When taking care of this tropical plant, it is important to provide high humidity levels and indirect light.

The soil should be kept moist at all times so as not to dry out the root system. A layer of mulch on top of the soil also helps keep water from evaporating too quickly in hotter months and prevents weeds from taking over.

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Australian indoor plants guide


Light is an essential aspect of indoor gardening and the success of your potted plants. When it comes to growing a bird’s nest fern (Asplenium nidus), this holds especially true.

In order for your bird’s nest fern to thrive, it must receive adequate amounts of light in order to grow and develop properly. For optimal growth, bird’s nest ferns should be placed in bright, indirect sunlight.

It is important to note that these plants prefer filtered light rather than direct sunlight, as too much direct sun can burn their fronds and cause them to turn yellow and brown. To avoid this issue, place your plant near a window with sheer curtains or other such materials that filter out strong rays from the sun.

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Watering your Bird's Nest Fern


Water is an essential element to sustain life, and it’s no different when it comes to growing the Bird’s Nest Fern. This popular houseplant requires plenty of moisture in order to thrive, making regular watering a must.

Luckily, with its hardy nature and low maintenance requirements, tending to this beautiful fern isn’t as difficult as one might think. By following some basic guidelines for water and humidity levels, you can create an ideal environment for the Bird’s Nest Fern (Asplenium Nidus) that will help it flourish.

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To get started, check soil moisture regularly by pressing your finger into the soil. If you feel a little dampness five centimetres below the surface that means you’re on track; if not, then it’s time to give your plant a drink.

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Fertiliser for Bird's Nest Fern


Fertiliser is an important part of growing a bird’s nest fern (Asplenium Nidus). Bird’s nest ferns are tropical plants that require extra attention and care.

Fertilising your bird’s nest fern on a regular basis can help it to thrive and look its best. To ensure that your plant is getting all the nutrients it needs, you’ll need to use the right type of fertiliser.

Organic fertilisers are generally regarded as the best choice for bird’s nest ferns. These contain minerals like nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in addition to micronutrients like magnesium and calcium which help the plant grow strong leaves and healthy roots. As well as providing essential nutrients, organic fertilisers also have beneficial microbes which can improve soil structure, drainage, and aeration.

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Bird's Nest Fern Light


Temperature is an important factor when growing a Bird’s Nest Fern (Asplenium Nidus). This species of fern thrives in warm, humid conditions, and does best with temperatures between 18-27 degrees Celcius.

Ideal humidity levels for the Bird’s Nest Fern are around 80%, however it can be grown in lower levels of humidity as long as a consistent watering regime is followed. In cooler climates, the fern should be moved indoors during winter months to more closely match its preferred temperature range.

If kept too cold, the fronds may turn brown and die back; if kept too hot they will turn yellow or brown. With proper care and attention to temperature needs, this hardy variety of fern is sure to thrive!.

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Garden boot


Humidity plays an important role in the health and growth of a bird’s nest fern. As the native habitat of a bird’s nest fern is tropical, it requires higher levels of relative humidity to thrive.

The ideal level of humidity for these plants is between 70-80%, which can be achieved by misting with water or more permanent solutions like running a humidifier in the home. Without proper humidity, a bird’s nest fern may start to brown around the edges and its fronds will dry out and eventually die off.

To keep your plant healthy, you should monitor the air moisture levels regularly and adjust accordingly. Additionally, if you’re growing multiple plants in one pot, they should be spaced evenly to ensure each gets enough access to fresh air and moisture.

Learn more about how humidity can affect indoor plants.

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For those looking to add a unique and lush touch to their home garden, the Bird’s Nest Fern (Asplenium Nidus) is an excellent choice. This tropical plant is known for its attractive foliage, which is composed of deep green fronds that curl in towards the centre like a bird’s nest.

Best of all, this fern has the ability to flower if given the right conditions. When it comes to growing Bird’s Nest Ferns, providing plenty of humidity and indirect light are key components.

If you’re able to keep these conditions consistent throughout its life cycle, your fern may produce flowers that vary from white or yellowish-green in colour. Additionally, when caring for this type of fern make sure you water it regularly but don’t overdo it as too much moisture can cause root rot.

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Pests and Asplenium Nidus


Pests can be a major problem when it comes to growing bird’s nest ferns (Asplenium Nidus). These plants are relatively easy to care for, but they are vulnerable to insect infestations.

To keep your plant healthy and thriving, you must understand the most common pests that can attack it and take steps to prevent or remove them. Mealybugs, aphids, scale insects, and spider mites are the four main types of pests that commonly target Asplenium Nidus.

Mealybugs secrete sticky honeydew which causes foliage discolouration and leaf drop due to sooty mold growth. Aphids are small green insects that feed on plant juices and cause leaves to curl up or yellow.

Find out more about common indoor plant pests in Australia.

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Diseases are an unfortunate reality of growing any type of plant, and the Asplenium Nidus (Bird’s Nest Fern) is no exception. The Bird’s Nest Fern is a tropical species that is often grown as an indoor houseplant due to its low light requirements and ability to thrive in warm temperatures.

While it is relatively easy to care for, it can still be affected by many diseases if proper precautions aren’t taken. Common diseases affecting the Bird’s Nest Fern include fungal leaf spot, Pythium root rot, mealybugs, and thrips.

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Fortunately, there are steps you can take to minimize the risk of disease in your Bird’s Nest Ferns. Proper watering practices such as avoiding overly wet soil or splashing water onto leaves during irrigation can help prevent fungal infections from taking hold.


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Soil is an important component when it comes to growing the bird’s nest fern (Asplenium Nidus). It provides nutrients, water, and structure for the plant to thrive.

Depending on where you are located in the world can influence what type of soil would be best for this particular species. In general, bird’s nest ferns prefer a moist and acidic soil that is high in organic matter.

When potting up your plant, it is important to use a lightweight potting mix; one that contains peat moss and perlite would be ideal as it will provide good drainage. To ensure adequate moisture retention, you should also add some compost or hummus into the mix. It is essential to choose a pot with plenty of drainage holes so that any excess water can escape from the container.

Learn how to lower your soil PH.

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Pot Size

Pot size

Pot Size is an important factor to consider when growing Bird’s Nest Ferns (Asplenium Nidus). The pot size needs to be just right, as a pot that is too small could limit the plant’s growth and a pot that is too large could lead to problems with over-watering.

To get the best performance from your Bird’s Nest Fern, it should be planted in a container with drainage holes. This will help allow excess water to escape, helping you avoid over-watering and root rot.

When selecting the size of pot for your Bird’s Nest Fern, make sure it’s slightly larger than the plant itself. If you want your fern to grow bigger, look for a pot that will accommodate its future size.


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Pruning the Cast Iron Plant

Pruning your Bird’s Nest Fern

Pruning is an essential element of caring for any houseplant, and bird’s nest fern (Asplenium nidus) is no exception. Pruning this popular indoor plant not only helps keep it looking its best but also provides health benefits that can help ensure your Asplenium nidus has a long and productive life.

Doing so correctly requires some knowledge about the plant and how to properly trim it back. The Asplenium nidus grows best when it is pruned back regularly, removing dead or damaged leaves as well as any yellowing foliage.

Pruning should be done carefully with sharp pruning shears in order to avoid damaging the delicate foliage. It may take several attempts to get the hang of it but once you do you will be rewarded with a healthy-looking plant that will thrive indoors or outdoors in warmer climates.


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Propagating your Bird’s Nest Fern

Propagation of the Bird’s Nest Fern (Asplenium Nidus) is a simple and rewarding process. A popular houseplant, the Bird’s Nest Fern is an evergreen perennial fern that features dark green, leathery fronds in a rosette shape.

Ideal for warm and humid homes, these ferns are easy to propagate from rhizomes or spores. Although propagating from spores may require more patience and time, it can be done at home with the right tools.

The easiest way to propagate this species of fern is by dividing rhizomes into smaller pieces with each having roots attached. The divisions should then be placed in well-draining soil mix or mounted on wood or cork bark slabs with sphagnum moss.


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Garden fence

Is Bird’s Nest Fern poisonous?

Many gardeners appreciate the effortless beauty of a Bird’s Nest Fern (Asplenium Nidus) in their landscape. However, it is important to remember that the beautiful foliage may be deceiving as this plant can be toxic to humans and animals if ingested.

Gardeners should educate themselves on poisonous plant info before introducing any new plant into their space. The Bird’s Nest Fern is a popular epiphyte among houseplant enthusiasts due its unique fronds, tolerance for low light conditions, and ease of care.

While they are not considered poisonous by contact, ingestion of any part of this fern can result in irritation or swelling of the mouth and throat as well as burning sensations in the digestive tract for both humans and animals. The toxicity ranges from mild to severe depending on how much was consumed so it best practice to keep pets away from these plants altogether.

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